2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase regulates lipid homeostasis in treatment-resistant prostate cancer

Androgen receptor (AR) signalling regulates cellular metabolism in prostate cancer. Here, the authors perform a proteomics and metabolomics characterisation of prostate cancer cells adapted to long-term resistance to AR inhibition and show rewiring of glucose and lipid metabolism, and further identify a signature associated with resistance to AR inhibition.

19 May 2020, nature.com

Marshaling artificial intelligence in the fight against Covid-19

The MIT-IBM Watson AI Lab is funding 10 research projects aimed at addressing the health and economic consequences of the pandemic.

19 May 2020, news.mit.edu

Artificial pieces of brain use light to communicate with real neurons

Researchers have created a way for artificial neuronal networks to communicate with biological neuronal networks. The new system converts artificial electrical spiking signals to a visual pattern than is then used to entrain the real neurons via optogenetic stimulation of the network.

19 May 2020, sciencedaily.com

Uber plans to lay off another 3,000 employees

Less than two weeks after Uber shared plans to lay off 3,700 employees, the company announced that it will let another 3,000 workers go.

18 May 2020, engadget.com

How a Chinese AI Giant Made Chatting—and Surveillance—Easy

Alexa can tell you the weather. Siri knows a few jokes. In China, voice-computing company iFlytek built similar smart assistants beloved by users. But its tech is also helping the government listen in.

18 May 2020, wired.com

AI-doscopist: a real-time deep-learning-based algorithm for localising polyps in colonoscopy videos with edge computing devices

We have designed a deep-learning model, an “Artificial Intelligent Endoscopist (a.k.a. AI-doscopist)”, to localise colonic neoplasia during colonoscopy. This study aims to evaluate the agreement between endoscopists and AI-doscopist for colorectal neoplasm localisation.

18 May 2020, nature.com

AI for social good: unlocking the opportunity for positive impact

The AI for Social Good movement aims to apply AI/ML tools to help in delivering on the United Nations’ sustainable development goals (SDGs). Here, the authors identify the challenges and propose guidelines for designing and implementing successful partnerships between AI researchers and application - domain experts.

18 May 2020, nature.com

Closed-loop digital meditation for neurocognitive and behavioral development in adolescents with childhood neglect

MUC1-C is overexpressed in castration-resistant prostate cancer and neuroendocrine prostate cancer. Here, the authors show that MUC1-C drives lineage plasticity through MYC and BRN2, inducing neuroendocrine features and stemness in prostate cancer.

18 May 2020, nature.com

Predicting conversion to wet age-related macular degeneration using deep learning

In individuals diagnosed with age-related macular degeneration in one eye, a deep learning model can predict progression to the ‘wet’, sight-threatening form of the disease in the second eye within a 6-month time frame.

18 May 2020, nature.com

Early Bird uses 10 times less energy to train deep neural networks

Engineers have found a way to train deep neural networks for a fraction of the energy required today. Their Early Bird method finds key network connectivity patterns early in training, reducing the computations and carbon footprint for training deep learning.

18 May 2020, sciencedaily.com

Is artificial intelligence a threat to our livelihood?

As the AI improves in quality,. the question arises on whether it will affect the economy and its people.

17 May 2020, aidaily.co.uk

For all its sophistication, AI isn't fit to make life-or-death decisions | Kenan Malik

‘Following the science’ is a disingenuous policy because mathematical reckoning and human judgments are very different things

16 May 2020, theguardian.com

Morpheus: Powerful New AI Technique Detects and Classifies Astronomical Objects

UCSC researchers developed a deep-learning framework called Morpheus to perform pixel-level morphological classifications of objects in astronomical images. Researchers at UC Santa Cruz have developed a powerful new computer program called Morpheus t

16 May 2020, scitechdaily.com

Elon Musk tweets ‘Facebook sucks’ as public spat over AI escalates

Elon Musk has tweeted “Facebook sucks” following a public spat with the social network’s VP of artificial intelligence.

New Artificial Intelligence Diagnostic Can Predict COVID-19 Without Testing

Researchers at King's College London, Massachusetts General Hospital and health science company ZOE have developed an artificial intelligence diagnostic that can predict whether someone is likely to have COVID-19 based on their symptoms. Their findin

15 May 2020, scitechdaily.com

Does your AI discriminate?

Algorithms are only as good as the people who make them.

15 May 2020, theconversation.com

A redox-based electrogenetic CRISPR system to connect with and control biological information networks

Redox-responsive transcriptional regulators can enable user-specified electronic control over biological functions. Here the authors demonstrate electronic control of CRISPRa and CRISPRi using redox signalling.

15 May 2020, nature.com

Cognitive plausibility in voice-based AI health counselors

A bibliometric analysis of the past and present of AI research suggests a consolidation of research influence. This may present challenges for the exchange of ideas between AI and the social sciences.

15 May 2020, nature.com

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